Now learn how to perform raga alankar. Alankar performance with harmonium and sargam notations. Alankar e.books available online. Performing alankar in raga yaman and. raaga notations. What are raga bols in performing raaga alaap.


Free Alankar lessons

What is an Alankar?


Alankars are different sets of the swars that will enable you to practice and familiarize yourself with the different sounds. You should practice these till you can play them correctly without looking at the keyboard. While you practice how to play, please sing-along too so that you can improve your voice and can learn how to sing more in tune.

The term Alankar literally means an ornament or decoration; it is the repetition of musical notes from a Raga in a particular pattern. 


Alankars are of four types: 


1.      Asthai Alankars, which returns to the initial note

2.      Arohi Alankars, which is a ascending sequence of notes

3.      Amrohi Alankars, which is a descending sequence of notes

4.      Sanchari Alankars, which combines elements of the above types. 


Alankars are extremely useful for practice and are a great way of getting familiar with your keyboard or harmonium. Here are some  Alankars for practice; try to play them continuously for an extended period of time; its extremely important that your fingers move smoothly on the keyboard because when you are playing a metered melody, an extra second's hesitation is enough to send you out of synchronization with the taal or rhythm.


In the context of Indian classical music, the application of an alankar is essentially to enhance the inherent beauty of the genre.  Or we can say when a group or cluster of notes embellishes another swar, they form the alankar. There are almost 33 types of alankars but few are being used these days, for example,  meend, andolan and murki.


Types of Alankars




The term meend has a wider implication. It is generally understood as a glide from one note to another in instruments like sitar as well as vocal music. Gliding from one note to another in a ghazal brings beauty which Ghulam Ali and Mehdi Hassan have shown in their performances. Proper rendition of meend not only depends on the accuracy of the starting and ending swars but also on the exacting knowledge of the kan-swars of the ragas. Only there types of alankars have been survived in this era of music.




The Andolan alankar is a gentle swing or oscillation that begins from a fixed note and touches the periphery of an adjacent note. Specialty about andolan is  that in the course of the oscillation, it touches the microtones or shrutis that exist in between. The note that is being oscillated within an Andolan is known as andolit swar. It must be noted that these andolit swars are raga specific and should not be applied to any raga that uses these notes.



Murki is cluster of notes that sounds like a short, subtle taan. A murki can also comprise a series of such short clusters. A combination like RRSnS   could be a murki  depending on the force of delivery. Although some special murkis are used in khayal singing, it is really a very handy device for a thumri singer. In fact, the bols of a thumri, the ragas they are normally set to and the mood of this form of singing especially demand the usage of murkis. Thus, thumris are often built around this alankar.


General Message


Keyboard or harmonium are supposed to be same. First of all we select best sound or voice in keyboard to play. Here we select strings which is best for learners. Some keyboards are equipped with floppy drive and some are without. For Harmonium first open at least 3 big knobs and then blower.  In alankar lessons we have used right hand for playing. In Harmonium never blow air until any note  is pressed, otherwise air will not be able to go out from anywhere and the Harmonium will start leaking air from sides or anywhere. In harmonium we use our left hand to blow air and right hand is used for playing keys. Use right hand finger to play black keys only and adjacent three fingers on black and white keys both. Thumb is very rarely used on black keys. For keyboard you need to use right hand.


About Diagrams:


Here we have shown arohi notes (ascending notes) and amroi notes (descending notes) in madh saptak. We have shown one diagram in raga yaman because there are seven notes in ascending and seven notes in descending. In raga asavari we have shown notes in two separate diagrams because there are five notes in ascending and seven notes descending. In arohi of raga asavari two notes "ga" and "ni" are not used.


Note:- In any raga you will only practice ragas with a single diagram of arohi and amrohi notes.


Raga Asavari Alankar:




 Arohi: S  R  m  P  d  S'

Amrohi: S' n  d  P  m  g  R  S


Note:- Click play button and let the music to fully download. After fully download you can listen complete music smoothly. To listen again press play button again.




Do not forget to push blower to blow air otherwise no sound will be heard. To push blower, use your left hand near the left edge of harmonium. Play or sing-along below given five raga asavari alankars with harmonium or keyboard. Sample raga asavari alankar 1audio file is provided for your listening.



Number of sequence (Beats)


Play Asavari Alankar1 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 33


Play Asavari Alankar2 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 32


Play Asavari Alankar3 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 34


Play Asavari Alankar4 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 32


Play Asavari Alankar5 Midi


Note:- More Alankar lessons of important ragas are provided in Sargam Book for your practical practice.  Oder sargam book which is very essential for a sing-along singer and harmonium player. You can also practice these lessons with your electronic keyboards using strings instrument. For Yamaha PSR keyboard owners, tabla styles with teen taal is also available. You can enjoy more with alankar using real tabla styles of Yamaha. Order now for sargam book and tabla styles package.



Raga Yaman Alankar:





Arohi:    'N  R  G  M  D  N  S'

Amrohi: S'   N   D   P   M   G   R  S


Download Yaman Alankar (Adobe pdf  Zip with mp3) 882 Kb

Mp3 links in pdf will work if  Unzipped and opened in same folder



Note: Do not forget to push blower to blow air otherwise no sound will be heard. To push blower, use your left hand near the left edge of harmonium. Play or sing-along below given five raga yaman alankars. Raga yaman alankar 1 sample audio file is also provided for your listening.


Number of sequence (Beats) 18


Yaman Alankar1 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 18


Yaman Alankar2 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 38


Yaman Alankar3 Midi


Number of sequence (Beats) 42


Yaman Alankar4 Midi

Number of sequence (Beats) 42


Yaman Alankar5 Midi




What is Vanbasco Midi & Lyrics Notation Player?

When you will play our Alankar midi file in Vanbasco Player then it will show real time notation lyrics being shown in the Karaoke window of  Vanbasco Player.

At the same time in Piano window of  Vanbasco Player the particular notes will be shown being played in real-time. Now there is no need of music teacher. Vanbasco will teach how you will play alankar in harmonium and keyboards.

Vanbasco Player with SMALL PIANO download link:
Download Vanbasco Player

Vanbasco BIGGER PIANO  Skin download link:
Download Bigger Piano Skin

To install a bigger piano skin, first download the .zip file, e.g. skin zip. Then extract the contents of the downloaded file to the installation folder of van Basco's Karaoke Player. In other words paste unzipped bigger skin file in the programme folder of Vanbasco Player.



Vanbasco Piano and Karaoke Window





            Practice according to raga yaman arohi and amrohi notes:


1.         S   R   G   M   P   D   N   S'    

            S'  N   D   P   M   G   R   S


2.         SS,    RR,   GG,   MM,   PP,   DD,   NN,   S'S'

            S'S'   NN,   DD,     PP,   MM, GG,   RR,    SS


3.         SRG,   RGM,   GMP,   MPD,   PDN,   DNS'

            S'ND,  NDP,     DPM,  GMP,   MGR,  GRS


4.         SRGM, RGMP, GMPD, MPDN,  PDNS'

            S'NDP, NDPM, DPMG, PMGR, MGRS


5.         SG, RM, GP, MD, PN, DS'

            S'D, NP, DM, PG, MR, GS


S R S S R G R S S R G M G R S S R G M P M G R S S R G M P D P M G R S S R G M P D N D P M G R S S R G M P D N S' S' N D P M G R S 

This might look extremely difficult, but its not, its actually a sequence of Asthayee alankars. If you break it up you will see the following pattern: 









S R G M P D N {S},   {S} N D P M G R S


7.         S G R M G P M D P N D S'

            S N D P M G R S 


8.         S D N P D M P G M R G S  

            S R G M P D N S'


9.         S G R S S M G R R P M G G D P M M N D P P N D N S' S' D P M G R S 


10.       S' D N P P D N M M P D G G M P R R G M S S R G M P D N S'


11.       S D P M R N D P G D P M M N D  S'

             S' D N P D M P G G P M G R G R S 



Raga Lessons | Previous Page | Page 1 of 6 | Next Page

Goto Page: 1  2  3  4  5  6


Package1 36 mixed styles

Package 3 all basic styles

Package 4 bundled with all famous films songs styles

for Yamaha PSR models.

Package 5 mixed film songs styles and will be provided

free by 2 packages purchase.

Free offer is for limited time

Yamaha Tabla Styles



Download Harmonium lesson demo eBook







Go top  

Partner With Us | Privacy | Terms | FAQ's | Disclaimer

© All rights reserved. This website is maintained by Ragatracks Productions.
 Music Terms Glossary | Free Harmonium Lessons | Free raga lessonsFree midi music | What is midi?

* All trademarks/registered trademarks are properties of their respective owners.